The discussion of this furnace is a tool that functions to heat crude oil in the oil and gas processing unit. As we have seen before, the basic process of processing crude oil is done by separating the fractions using high heat. It’s because the process of separation uses heat, there must be a device used to heat the crude oil, the device used is called a furnace or heater. Apart from that, if you are looking for info about the residential gas furnace and its price, we recommend you to check out the gas furnace prices reviews.
Furnace or heater is process equipment used to increase the temperature of a fluid by using the heat of combustion from liquid fuels or gas fuel that burns inside the burner. The combustion process in the furnace is carried out with the principle of a fire triangle that uses fuel, heat sources and air. The air will be supplied from outside, then it will come out along with the combustion gases in the chimney.
In the furnace there is an arrangement of tubes that function as a place for the flow of fluid to be heated, a burning flame will heat up the outside of the tube then the heat will absorb inside so that the heat will be transferred to the fluid flowing in it. The process of absorption of heat by fluid occurs in three ways, namely conduction, convection and radiation, the following explanation:
Conduction Heat Transfer
The heat transfer that occurs between the tubes that have received heat is then absorbed by the fluid inside and then the heat will spread throughout the fluid flow.
Convection heat transfer
The heat transfer from the combustion gas, the gas before coming out of the chimney will first contact the side of the tube so that the pipe will get heat transfer.
Radiant heat transfer
That is the transfer of heat from the light of a flame or jet of fire that hits the tube, the tube that receives this flame is called the radiation tube. Most of the fluid heat generated from this radiation process is around 60% -70%.